Navalny was detained two weeks ago upon his return to Moscow from Berlin, accused of failing to meet his parole terms under a 2014 suspended sentence for embezzlement — a case he has dismissed as politically motivated. Prison authorities are now seeking to replace his suspended sentence with a 3.5-year prison sentence.
In court, Navalny demanded to know how he could have better informed authorities of his whereabouts while comatose.
“Can you explain to me how else I was supposed to fulfill the terms of my probation and notify where I am?” he said from his glass enclouse in the countroom.
A prison service representative responded by saying should have provided documents to explain the serious reasons that prevented him from showing up for inspections.
“Coma?” Navalny shot back. “Why are you sitting here and telling the court you didn’t know where I was? I fell into a coma, then I was in the ICU, then in rehabilitation. I contacted my lawyer to send you a notice. You had the address, my contact details. What else could I have done to inform you?” he said.
“The President of our country said live on air he let me go to get treatment in Germany and you didn’t know that too?”
Tuesday’s hearing opened under a heavy security presence, with riot police securing the court building and cordoning off the general area with police vehicles, trucks and vans. Nearby streets were open but closed to pedestrians and protesters with barricades.
CNN reporters witnessed police detaining dozens of people outside the court before the hearing had begun.
Russian authorities had repeatedly threatened to jail Navalny if he returned from Germany to Russia. Navalny’s lawyers previously told CNN they had little hope for his release, and criticized the Kremlin’s control of the country’s courts.
In their defense, they argued the prison service was well aware of Navalyny’s whereabouts as it received a notice from him in early December. His lawyers also presented a letter from Berlin’s Charite Clinic showing that he was in rehabilitation up until his return to Russia.
The hearing takes place against the backdrop of widespread anti-government protests. Tens of thousands of Russians haven taken to the streets across the country for two straight weekends to support Navalny and demand his release. A court decision to jail Navalny will likely only inflame protesters.
On Sunday, protesters were met with the harshest show of force by Russian security services in years. More than 5,000 people were detained in at least 85 cities, according to the independent monitoring group OVD-Info, a record since 2011 protests. Navalny led mass protests in 2017-18 against Putin’s government.
“Yulia, they show you on TV and keep talking about your radical behavior. Such a bad girl, I’m proud of you,” Navalny said shortly before his hearing began.
Navalny’s allies have already called for another round of nationwide demonstrations next weekend.
CNN’s Angela Dewan and Anna Chernova contributed to this report.