Fallout from the riot at the U.S. Capitol intensified on Monday as an increasing number of businesses and other prominent institutions sought to distance themselves from President Trump and the violent actions of some of his supporters.
As Mr. Trump faced the prospects of a second impeachment following the deadly rampage on Wednesday, major banks, e-commerce providers and schools issued statements saying they were disassociating themselves with his administration and that they would not tolerate actions that incited violence.
The political fallout was also swift. As federal and local authorities continued to track down and arrest scores of people, White House officials, including several members of the cabinet, resigned, saying they were deeply troubled by what had happened. Prominent Republicans also cut ties with the president — and, in the case of former Secretary of State Colin Powell, the party. Asked on CNN whether Republican Party members realized that “they encouraged, at least, this wildness to grow and grow,” Mr. Powell said, “They did and that’s why I can no longer call myself a fellow Republican.”
Schools stripped Mr. Trump of honorary degrees. E-commerce provider Shopify said it had terminated stores affiliated with the president. And big businesses, which typically contribute to Republicans and Democrats, said they had paused political contributions.
“We want you to be assured that we will not support candidates who do not respect the rule of law,” Candi Wolff, Citibank’s head of government affairs, wrote in an internal memo, saying Citibank had postponed all campaign contributions for a quarter.
Perhaps most consequential of all for Mr. Trump was Twitter’s decision on Friday to permanently suspend his account, after the company had spent years defending Mr. Trump’s presence on its platforms. A day earlier, Facebook banned the president at least through the end of his term. Facebook went further on Monday, saying it was halting political spending at least until March and is launching a review of its political spending practices.
In a blow to the president’s resort business, the P.G.A. of America said its board of directors had voted to terminate an agreement to play the P.G.A. Championship at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, N.J., in 2022.
“It has become clear that conducting the P.G.A. Championship at Trump Bedminster would be detrimental to the P.G.A. of America brand, and would put at risk the P.G.A.’s ability to deliver our many programs, and sustain the longevity of our mission,” Jim Richerson, the P.G.A. of America president, said in a video statement.
Marriott, the hotel giant, said it would pause donations from its PAC “to those who voted against certification of the election,” according to a spokeswoman. Blue Cross Blue Shield, Boston Scientific and Commerce Bancshares took a similar, targeted approach to donation freezes.
In the days since a mob of Trump supporters stormed the U.S. Capitol, federal and local authorities have arrested almost 100 people who they said were involved in the attack.
More arrests are expected as investigators scrutinize photographs, videos and social media posts to identify the protesters. The F.B.I. has received more than 40,000 tips, including photos and videos, a number that does not include tips that people have submitted by phone.
Among those arrested were Jake Angeli, a well-known conspiracy theorist from Arizona whose real name is Jacob Anthony Chansley. Mr. Angeli entered the Capitol on Wednesday shirtless, with his face painted red, white and blue, and wearing a fur headdress with horns. He also carried a spear, about six feet long, with an American flag affixed just below the blade, according to the Justice Department.
Adam Johnson, 36, of Parrish, Fla., was arrested by U.S. marshals on Friday night after a widely circulated photograph showed him smiling and waving as he hauled off Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s lectern.
Richard Barnett, 60, of Gravette, Ark., who was photographed sitting with his feet on a desk in Ms. Pelosi’s office, was arrested on Friday in Bentonville, Ark.
And two men who were photographed in the Senate chamber in military gear and carrying zip ties were taken into custody in Tennessee and Texas on Sunday.
The F.B.I. posted on Twitter Sunday the photos of dozens of people it is still seeking.
Citing his role in the “violent uprising” that occurred last week at the Capitol, the New York State Bar Association, the country’s largest trade organization for lawyers, announced Monday that it had begun investigating President Trump’s lawyer, Rudolph W. Giuliani, which could lead to his removal from the group.
In a prepared statement, Scott M. Karson, the association’s president, said that his decision to begin the inquiry was prompted by hundreds of complaints the group had received about Mr. Giuliani’s central role in Mr. Trump’s attempts to overthrow the results of the election. On Wednesday, Mr. Giuliani addressed a crowd of Mr. Trump’s supporters, repeating Mr. Trump’s baseless claims of election fraud then appearing to urge people toward violence. After hearing Mr. Giuliani and the president speak, members of the crowd marched to the Capitol and an angry mob ransacked the building.
“If we’re wrong, we will be made fools of, but if we’re right a lot of them will go to jail,” Mr. Giuliani said. “Let’s have trial by combat.”
The bar association has no power to strip Mr. Giuliani of his law license. But should the highly unusual investigation by his peers lead to his removal from the group, it would be a dark stain on a career that has spanned more than 40 years in the law. A spokeswoman for the group said that it had not removed someone who had not already been disbarred since 1904.
The association’s bylaws forbid members from, among other things, advocating “the overthrow of the government,” and in his statement Mr. Karson said that Mr. Giuliani’s words in Washington last week were “clearly intended to encourage Trump supporters unhappy with the election’s outcome to take matters into their own hands.”
“The subsequent attack on the Capitol was nothing short of an attempted coup,” Mr. Karson wrote, “intended to prevent the peaceful transition of power.”
Mr. Giuliani did not immediately respond to requests for comments.
The investigation was only the latest example of efforts to push back against lawyers who have supported Mr. Trump’s push to remain in power. Last week, for example, Dominion Voting Systems sued the president’s onetime lawyer, Sidney Powell, for defamation, claiming she had engaged in “a viral disinformation campaign” about the role its machines played in election.
Big businesses often donate to both political parties and say their support is tied to narrow issues of specific interest to their industries. That practice became increasingly fraught last week, after a pro-Trump mob stormed the Capitol and some Republican lawmakers tried to overturn Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s win in the presidential election.
A flurry of companies have since reviewed political giving via their corporate political action committees, according to the DealBook newsletter:
Morgan Stanley is suspending all PAC contributions to members of Congress who did not vote to certify the results of the Electoral College, a spokesman said.
Marriott said it would pause donations from its PAC “to those who voted against certification of the election,” a spokeswoman told DealBook. She did not say how long the break would last or how the hotel chain would decide when to resume donations.
The chemicals giant Dow said it was suspending all PAC contributions “to any member of Congress who voted to object to the certification of the presidential election.” The suspension will last for one election cycle — two years for representatives and up to six years for senators.
Shopify terminated online stores affiliated with President Trump. “Based on recent events, we have determined that the actions by President Donald J. Trump violate our Acceptable Use Policy, which prohibits promotion or support of organizations, platforms or people that threaten or condone violence to further a cause,” the company said in a statement.
Blue Cross Blue Shield, Boston Scientific and Commerce Bancshares are taking a similar, targeted approach to donation freezes. The newsletter Popular Information is tracking the responses of these and other companies that donated to lawmakers who challenged the election result.
Some big banks are pausing all political donations — to those who voted to uphold the election as well as to those who sought to overturn it — a tactic that is raising eyebrows. Goldman Sachs is freezing donations through its PAC and will conduct “a thorough assessment of how people acted during this period,” a spokesman, Jake Siewert, told DealBook.
JPMorgan Chase is halting donations through its PAC for six months. “There will be plenty of time for campaigning later,” said Peter Scher, the bank’s head of corporate responsibility.
And Citigroup is postponing all campaign contributions for a quarter. “We want you to be assured that we will not support candidates who do not respect the rule of law,” Candi Wolff, the bank’s head of government affairs, wrote in an internal memo.
Facebook will pause all of its contributions to political action committees representing either party for at least the remainder of the first quarter of 2021, the company confirmed in a statement on Monday, citing the need to review its policies. A spokesman for Microsoft confirmed that it would do the same.
Other companies, including Bank of America, FedEx and Wells Fargo, said they would review their corporate contribution strategy.
The suspensions coincide with the first quarter after a presidential election, which is typically light on fund-raising anyway. And companies can still give to “dark money” groups that don’t disclose their donors but often raise far more money than corporate PACs.
In other fallout, the P.G.A. of America said it would no longer hold its signature championship at the Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, N.J.; the social app Parler, popular among conservatives as an alternative to Twitter, went dark this morning after Amazon cut it off from computing services; the payment processor Stripe banned the Trump campaign from using its services; YouTube blocked Steve Bannon’s podcast channel; and the debate continues over tech giants’ influence over public speech.
Kate Kelly, Jenny Gross and Mike Isaac contributed reporting.
The outgoing head of the Capitol Police requested that D.C. National Guard units be placed on standby in case his small force was overwhelmed by violent protesters last Wednesday, but he was rebuffed by House and Senate security officials and a top Pentagon commander, he said in an interview on Sunday.
Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund, who resigned under pressure last week, said he made the request two days before Wednesday’s riot after reviewing intelligence that indicated the demonstration would be larger and more violent that previously anticipated — and repeated his request as he watched the rioters attacking his officers.
“If we would have had the National Guard, we could have held them at bay longer, until more officers from our partner agencies could arrive,” Mr. Sund, who served in the top post for under a year, told The Washington Post.
In the end, the Capitol Police, outnumbered, was unable to hold back a mob several times its size, resulting in a violent invasion of the national legislature not seen since the War of 1812.
Five people, including a Capitol Police officer injured at the scene and another who died shortly after the attacks, died in the violence.
Earlier in the day, President’s Trump exhorted a crowd gathered near the White House to march on the Capitol “to show strength,” warning them, “You’ll never take back our country with weakness.”
Eventually, officers from federal agencies and Washington D.C.’s local police force intervened late Wednesday, clearing the complex shortly before nightfall.
In his first interview since the riot, Mr. Sund, a 25-year veteran of Washington’s Metropolitan Police Department, claimed that six calls for backup during the riot were rejected or delayed.
On a call at around 2 p.m., about the time the complex was breached, Mr. Sund and local officials in the district pleaded with Lt. Gen. Walter E. Piatt, director of the Army Staff, for help, only to have the general say that he could not recommend the deployment to his boss, Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy.
“I don’t like the visual of the National Guard standing in a police line with the Capitol in the background,” General Piatt said, according to Mr. Sund.
General Piatt pushed back in an interview, saying that he did not have the authority to send the troops, and that the city and the Capitol Police needed a plan for how the National Guard would be deployed.
“The last thing you want to do is throw forces at it where you have no idea where they’re going, and all of a sudden it gets a lot worse,” he said.
General Sund also claimed that House Sergeant-at-Arms Paul Irving and Senate Sergeant-at-Arms Michael Stenger both had seemed to be reluctant to ramp up the uniformed presence around the Capitol in the days leading up to the riot, suggesting that they too were concerned about the optics.
Both Mr. Irving and Mr. Stenger have announced their resignations, under pressure from members of both parties.
Neither would comment on Mr. Sund’s allegations to The Post, and messages left at their offices were not immediately returned.
Mr. Sund added that he was worried about the possibility of a repeat of the violence at President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s inauguration on Jan. 20.
“My concern is if they don’t get their act together with physical security, it’s going to happen again,” he said.
Former Secretary of State Colin Powell said on Sunday, days after supporters of President Trump stormed the United States Capitol, that he no longer considers himself a member of the president’s party.
In an interview on CNN, the host, Fareed Zakaria, asked Mr. Powell if Republican Party members “realize that in a sense they caused, that they encouraged at least this wildness to grow and grow,” referring to Mr. Trump’s chaotic governance, which culminated in the violence last week.
Mr. Powell, 83 and a longtime Republican Party member, replied, “They did, and that’s why I can no longer call myself a fellow Republican.”
Mr. Powell, a retired four-star general who served in President George W. Bush’s White House and twice endorsed Barack Obama’s successful presidential bids, said he was not looking at recent events through a lens of partisan politics.
“You know I’m not a fellow of anything right now,” Mr. Powell said. “I’m just a citizen who has voted Republican, voted Democrat, throughout my entire career, and right now I’m just watching my country and not concerned with parties.”
He added that Republican officials, “should have known better” than to support Mr. Trump, but “they were so taken by their political standing” and “none of them wanted to put themselves at political risk” by speaking out against him.
“We need people that will speak the truth,” Mr. Powell added.